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Glossary of Terms

  • 1x1 Rib: Also 2x2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment to retain its elasticity.
  • 4-Needle Stitched Double-needle stitched but with four stitches
  • 2-Way Zipper A zipper with two zipper pulls so that it can be unzipped from either direction.
  • Air Mesh A mesh that has multiple layers to allow air to pass through the fabric
  • Airjet Yarn Cotton and polyester garments which provide for a virtually "pill free" look, wash after wash.
  • Allen Solley placket A one-piece placket that's hidden after being sewn. This process utilizes the existing fabric for the outside placket face. This is an upscale placket type.
  • All Weather Microfiber 100% Polyester Microfiber with waterproof coating and fully taped seams. 100% waterproof
  • Award jacket A baseball-style jacket with contrasting striped trim.
  • Anatomically correct straps Straps on a golf bag that are designed to fit the shape of a person's shoulders for maximum comfort.
  • Anti-Pill A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on the fabric's surface due to abrasion during wear.
  • Argyle Typically a diamond pattern woven into a garment
  • Baby Pique Very small pique knit. See Pique Knit.
  • Back Pleats Tiny folds in the material on the back of a garment that allow for more room and comfort.
  • Back Yoke A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat and drape nicely.
  • Ballistic nylon a thick, durable, synthetic nylon fabric.
  • Bartacked Reinforced stitching, for example, the rivets used on the pockets of jeans.
  • Birdseye Jacquard A small geometric pattern with a center dot knit into the fabric.
  • Blanket Stitch A decorative stitch used to finish an unhemmed blanket. The stitch can be seen on both sides of the blanket.
  • Blend A term applied to a yarn or fabric that is made up of more than one fiber.
  • Body Mapping Technology (NIKE GOLF) Strategically placed ventilation zones to increase breathability and improve airflow across the body.
  • Bonded Fleece Fleece with multiple layers bonded together to form a higher functioning garment.
  • Box Pleat A single, uniform fold in the center back of a garment to allow for more room and comfort.
  • Brushed Cotton Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibers from the fabric, leaving an ultra soft, smooth finish.
  • Button-Through Sleeve Placket A small placket located on the sleeve, by the cuff, which contains a single button closure.
  • Cami-Strap Very narrow shoulder straps.
  • Cashmere The fine, downy wool growing beneath the outer hair of the Cashmere goat. The scarcity of the fiber and the handiwork required to convert the fiber into a luxurious garment contribute to the cashmere's price.
  • Casual Microfiber 100% Polyester Microfiber fabric that is water repellent and wind resistant.
  • Cavalry Twill A type of twill weave (pattern of the twill)
  • Chambray A dressier fabric woven with white threads across colored threads.
  • Clima_FIT (NIKE GOLF) Fabric that blocks wind and resists rain. The fabric has spaces too small for water droplets to get in, but allowing excess perspiration and body heat to escape. This is all done with a thinly spun yarn that is tightly woven for a dense weave.
  • Collar The upright or turned-over neckband of a coat, jacket or shirt.
  • Collarett The trim around the neck of a t-shirt or sweatshirt.
  • Colorfast A dyed fabric's ability to resist fading due to washing, exposure to sunlight, and other environmental conditions.
  • Combed Cotton Cotton yarn that has been combed to remove short fibers and straighten or arrange longer fibers in parallel order.
  • Cool Mesh Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Features a soft hand for better comfort.
  • Cool Weave Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Slightly larger knit than Cool Mesh, it has a denser feel.
  • Cord Locks A stopper or toggle on a draw cord that keeps the cord from retracting into the garmet.
  • Corduroy A cut filling pile cloth with narrow to wide ribs, can be found in polyester, and man-made blends.
  • Cotton Soft vegetable fiber obtained from the seedpod of the cotton plant.
  • Coverseamed A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It is used around the neck, arm holes, waistband, and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.
  • Critical Seam-Seal Seams that are sealed with a waterproof tape only in areas that are susceptible to water like shoulders, front seams and zippers.
  • Denier A density of the weave in a nylon or polyester product.
  • Dobby A decorative weave, usually geometric, that is woven into the fabric.
  • Double Knit A circular knit fabric knitted via double stitch on a double needle frame to provide a double thickness.
  • Double-Needle Stitched A finish used on a sleeve and/or bottom hem that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It gives the garment a cleaner, more finished look and adds durability.
  • Down The soft fluffy under feathers of ducks and geese.
  • Dri-FIT (NIKE GOLF) Fabric that helps keep you comfortable and dry by moving perspiration from your skin to the outside for rapid evaporation. The process happens by transferring perspiration through layers of fabric. As the body produces moisture, these layers carry the moisture through the garment and up to the outside layer where it is dispersed across the outer surface and released into the air.
  • Dri-FIT UV (NIKE GOLF) Same as Dri-FIT (see Dri_FIT) that also features 30 UPF.
  • Drop Needle A knit fabric characterized by vertical lines within the cloth. Manufactured by "dropping" a needle from the knitting cylinder.
  • Drop Tail A longer back than front for the purpose of keeping the shirt tucked in. Also referred to as Extended Tail.
  • Dry-Fiber A high activity sportswear fabric that absorbs, wicks and dries faster than average golfwear.
  • Dry-Fiber Dynamics (PING®) A high activity sportswear fabric that absorbs, wicks and dries faster than average golfwear.
  • Duck Cloth Tightly woven fabric that provides wind and snag resistance.
  • Dyed-to-Match Describes buttons or trims that are the same color as the garment onto which they are sewn.
  • EcoSpun A fleece outerwear fabric made from at least 50% materials reclaimed from recycled plastic soda pop bottles.
  • End-on-End A 2-ply weave of different color yarns that run parallel against each other so that both colors are visible.
  • Enzyme Washed A laundering process in which a catalytic substance is added to create a chemical change in the fabric resulting in a very soft finish, smoother appearing surface and reduced shrinkage.
  • Etched-Tone Buttons A more upscale horn-tone button with an etched pattern.
  • Extended Tail When the back portion of the garment is longer than the front. Assists in keeping the garment tucked in during normal activity. Also referred to as Drop Tail.
  • Eyelets Small holes or perforations made in a series to allow breathability. Finished with either stitching or brass grommets.
  • Full Cut Refers to a garment's fit as being generous and roomy.
  • Garment Dyed A dyeing process that occurs after the garment is assembled.
  • Garment Washed A wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton fibers relax or bloom. The result is a fabric with a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage and a softer hand.
  • Grosgrain A closely woven silk or rayon fabric with narrow horizontal stripes.
  • Hand The way the fabric feels when it is touched.
  • Herringbone A chevron or zigzag pattern, knit into fabric.
  • High Profile A cap style with a high slope structured with a buckram - a stiff fabric lining. Less fitted to the head.
  • Honeycomb Pique A pique fabric with a waffle or cellular appearance.
  • Horn-Tone Buttons Buttons that appear to be manufactured from horn.
  • Houndstooth A medium sized broken check effect that is knit into the fabric.
  • IL50 Fabric treatment used on garments that allows them to withstand more than 50 washes through the extreme conditions of industrial laundering machines.
  • Interlock Knit A fabric that has two plys knit simultaneously to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit, a soft hand, and the same appearance and feel on both sides.
  • Iridescent Buttons Buttons with a lustrous, rainbow-like hue.
  • Jacquard Knit A pattern knit directly into the fabric during the manufacturing process. Typically, two or more colors are used.
  • Jersey Knit Fabric has a definite smooth side, the outside, and a textured side, the inside.
  • Lamborder A flat rib knit, with specified dimensions that is used to function as a placket and placket facing.
  • Leather An animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning.
  • Linen A flax product, linen absorbs moisture quickly and does not soil easily.
  • Locker Loop A looped piece of fabric in the neck of the garment for the convenience of hanging the garment on a hook. Can also be located at the center of the back yoke on the inside or outside of a garment.
  • Locker Patch A semi-oval panel sewn into the inside back portion of a garment, just under the collar seam, to reinforce the garment and minimize stretching when hung on a hook. The patch also allows for the garment tag or label to be sewn below the neckline to help prevent irritation.
  • Low Profile A cap style with a low slope that is more closely fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.
  • Lycra® INVISTA's trademark for a synthetic fabric material with elastic properties of "spandex".
  • Matte Taslan See Taslan but with a dull finish.
  • Melamine A highly resistant, exceptionally strong plastic laminate material sometimes used in buttons.
  • Melange A mix of different colors of yarns knit together to create a heathered effect.
  • Mercerized A product that has gone through a process to produce a smooth, lustrous hand.
  • Mercerized Cotton Cotton thread that has been treated with sodium hydroxide. The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then neutralized with an acid bath. This treatment increases luster, sheen, strength, affinity to dye, resistance to mildew, and also reduces lint. Only the finest cotton is reserved for this process.
  • Mesh Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Larger knit than Cool Weave.
  • Microfiber Fabric that is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a sueded finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfiber fabric is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be waterproof.
  • Micro Fleece A high density, anti-pilling fleece made of knit micro-fibers that are brushed less than a regular fleece garment. It has a high capacity for warmth without the weight.
  • Micro Cord A very fine wale cord.
  • Micro-Stripe An ultra-fine stripe that is knit into the fabric.
  • Mid Profile A cap with a slope height in between that of a High Profile and Low Profile. It is most often structured with buckram.
  • Mother of Pearl Logo Buttons Buttons made from Mother of Pearl, with a logo inscribed on them.
  • Nail Head Design A jacquard knitting pattern in which the jacquard forms a design similar to small nail heads.
  • Non-Iron Chemically treated fabrics that are resistant to wrinkles. These fabrics allow you to wash without the need for pressing. Clothes look fresh and maintain a sophisticated look for each wearing.
  • NuBlend™ The combination of a knitting and spinning process developed by JERZEES® for their blended fleece that helps prevent pilling.
  • Nylon A synthetic polymer, a plastic, durable fabric used in apparel and other everyday items.
  • Ottoman A tightly woven plain weave ribbed fabric with a hard, slightly lustered surface. The ribbed effect is created by weaving a finer silk or manufactured warp yarn with a heavier filler yarn (usually cotton or wool).
  • Overdyed A process in which yarn dyed fabrics or piece dyed garments are put through an additional dye color to create unique colors.
  • Oxford A type of fabric where the fibers are either cotton or blended man-made fibers.
  • Pashmina A luxurious shawl, wrap, or scarf made of finer fabrics like silk and cashmere.
  • Patch Pocket A pocket attached to the outside of the garment.
  • Peached A fabric that has been processed to have the lofty softness of a peach.
  • Pearlized Buttons Buttons that have a pearl-colored hue.
  • Pewter Buttons Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.
  • Pewter and Horn-Tone Buttons Buttons that incorporate pewter and horn tone, usually one encompasses the other.
  • Pigment Dyed A type of dye used to create a distressed or washed look.
  • Pill A tangled ball of fibers that appears on the surface of a fabric, as a result of wear or continued friction or rubbing on teh surface of the fabric.
  • Pima Cotton A high-end yarn made by plying yarns spun from long combed staple. One of the best grades of cotton in the world. Pima cotton has extra long fiber lengths making it soft, yet strong.
  • Pima-Tek™ Lightweight pima cotton, polyester and spandex jersey knit with a smooth hand and plenty of stretch for active wear. Also contains moisture wicking properties.
  • Pique Knit A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears similar to a birds nest or waffle weave.
  • Placket The part of a shirt or jacket where the edges of the fabric overlap, often fastened with buttons.
  • Ply Two or more yarns that have been twisted together.
  • Poly-Fill A warm polyester lining found in the body or sleeves of outerwear garments. It has more loft than a regular nylon lining.
  • Polyester A strong, durable synthetic fabric with a low moisture absorbency.
  • Polynosic Features similar characteristics to cotton and silk, has excellent luster and very little shrinkage.
  • Popcorn Pique (PING®) Alternating rows of two different pique knits; one knit is a baby pique, while the other is a larger pique that resembles small circles knit closely together.
  • Poplin A tightly woven, durable, medium weight cotton or cotton blend fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates a slight ridge effect.
  • Pre-Shrunk Fabrics or garments that have received a pre-shrinking treatment.
  • Print Pro™ A knitting process developed by Hanes® for their fleece garments that creates a tighter knit for a better printing surface.
  • PVC A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments water resistant.
  • R-Tek™ Fleece 100% polyester fleece with an anti-pill finish which prevents the formation of little balls on the surface of the fabric.
  • Raglan Sleeves Sleeves set with a diagonal seam from the neck to the armpit.
  • Rapid Dry™ A fabric designed with a unique weave to wick away moisture from the body.
  • Rib Knit A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains "memory".
  • Ring Spun Yarn made by continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.
  • Running Stitch A stitch that is spaced equally, with the underside stitching being half the length of the external side.
  • Sandwashed A washing process in which the fabric is washed with very fine lava rocks or rubber / silicon balls resulting in a softer fabric with a relaxed look and reduced shrinkage.
  • Satin Fabric that has a smooth, lustrous face effect while the back of the material is dry.
  • Sculpted Hem A hem that is softly rounded for fashion detail.
  • Seam-Sealed Seams that are sealed with a special waterproof tape or a rolling process to make a garment completely waterproof.
  • Self-Fabric Collar A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.
  • Self-Fabric Sweatband Refers to headwear where the sweatband is constructed with the same fabric as the crown
  • Serge Stitch An overcastting technique done on the cut edge of the fabric to prevent unraveling.
  • Sensor Cool (PING®) Polyester fabric specially blended to absorb body heat and release it back when needed.
  • Side Vents Slits found at the bottom of side seams. They are fashion details that allow for comfort and ease of movement.
  • Silk Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. It is obtained from the cocoon of silkworm reared in captivity. The shimmering appearance for which silk is prized comes from the fiber's triangular prism-like structure which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles.
  • Singles A term used to indicate the diameter of a yarn; the smaller the number, the thicker the yarn.
  • Slash Pockets A pocket that has to be entered through a slash on the outside of the garment. The pocket pouch is suspended from and attached to the slash.
  • Sphere Dry (NIKE) This patented fabric has a raised "bumpy" surface that lines the inside of the shirt. These bumps not only create an appealing athletic-inspired texture, they also work together like a funnel to draw perspiration from the inside out. The fabric's three-dimensional construction creates air space around you to reduce cling.
  • Sport-Wick™ A moisture-wicking fabric that includes anti-static properties for comfort during light warm-ups and cool-downs.
  • Stonewashed A washing process in which the fabric or garment is heavily washed with lava rocks or rubber / silicon balls. The result is a softer fabric with a distressed or weathered look and reduced shrinkage.
  • Storm-FIT (NIKE GOLF) Ultra-fine microfiber polyester with a breathable coating to provide total protection from water and wind.
  • Storm Flap A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front zip or snap closure of an outerwear garment to protect against wind and moisture.
  • Structured A cap style with a lined front consisting of buckram, a stiff fabric, that controls the slope of the cap.
  • Sueded Cotton A fabric that goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.
  • Supima® Cotton One of the best grades of cotton in the world, the premium fiber is longer, finer and stronger than other cotton. The name "Supima" is an abbreviation for Superior Pima. (see Pima Cotton). The name "Supima®" is a licensed trademark owned by Supima and its members. It is used to promote textile and apparel products made of 100% American Pima cotton, but is strictly controlled by the grower association.
  • Taped Seams A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing.
  • Taslan Refers to how the fibers are woven and the resulting texture. Used mainly in outerwear garments, Taslan is a durable and water repellent nylon fabric with a slightly shiny surface.
  • Teklon A rugged, stronger Taslan nylon that is water repellent.
  • Tencel A fabric made from the fiber found in wood pulp which is processed into a silk-like, delicate fabric.
  • Terra-Tek™ A durable and water repellent Taslan with a matte finish.
  • Terry Velouor A type of material with uncut loops on both sides. It has a soft, plush feel and is water absorbent.
  • Therma-FIT (NIKE GOLF) Fabric is designed from a densely constructed weave that is brushed on both sides to create air pockets. These air pockets in the fabric trap and retain body heat, but not moisture.
  • Thread Count The actual number of warp ends and filling picks per inch in a woven cloth. In knitted fabric, thread count implies the number of wales or ribs.
  • Tone-on-Tone Jacquard Collar See Jacquard Knit. The two colors being used are the same.
  • Tricot Lining A very lightweight nylon lining often used in shorts.
  • Triple-Needle Stitched See Double-Needle stitched but with 3 stitches.
  • Tubular Collar Collar which is knit in a tube form so it has no seams.
  • Tuck-In Tails A shirt constructed so the back hem is longer than the front. This aids in keeping the shirt tucked-in during strenuous activities.
  • Tuck Stitch Refers to the look of the knit where some stitches are actually under the other stitches. Gives the shirt a waffle-weave type texture and look.
  • Twill Tape Placket Lining Twill tape is attached to the inside of the placket for a fashion effect.
  • Twill A fabric characterized by micro diagonal ribs producing a soft, smooth finish.
  • Two-ply Ply is a term to describe a yarn that has more than one end to make up the overall yarn. Having a thickness made up of two layers or strands. Adds durability, weight and quality.
  • Underarm Grommets Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathability and air circulation.
  • Unstructured A low profile cap style with a natural low sloping crown. No buckram has been added to the crown.
  • V Patch A section of material in a V shape that is sewn onto a garment directly under the collarette. Can provide support against stretching the neck opening and is also a style component.
  • Vents, Front and Back Allow for breathability and may aid in ease of decoration, allowing the garment to be hooped and embroidered with no show-through on the inside of the garment. Some vents are tacked down and are for fashion purposes only.
  • Waffle Weave / Knit A waffle, or square pattern, knit or woven into a garment.
  • Waterproof A garment that is seam-sealed and able to withstand a specific amount of water pressure.
  • Water-Resistant Fabric treated chemically to resist water.
  • Washer Nylon A nylon garment treated with a special finish to produce a crinkled effect.
  • Welt Collar and/or Cuffs A single ply fabric with a finished edge that is used for collars and cuffs on sport shirts and short sleeve garments.
  • Wickability The ability of a fiber or a fabric to disperse moisture and allow it to pass through to the surface of the fabric, so that evaporation can take place.
  • Wood-Tone Buttons Buttons that simulate a wood appearance.
  • Yarn-Dyed Yarn that has been dyed prior to the weaving or knitting of the garment.
  • Yoke Back A piece of fabric that connects the back of the garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat.
  • Zipper Garage A flap of material located at the collar to keep the zipper pull away from your skin.